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This priority brings together a number of the traditional fields of research, facilities and skills in many INRA research divisions in life, environmental and social sciences, and connects them through metaprogrammes such as EcoServ, GISA, SelGen and SMaCH. It benefits considerably from new developments in the field of agroecology and multiperformance agriculture, and the deepening of research in organic agriculture.
Scientific research in agroecology conducted over 2011–2012 served INRA’s thematic aims. Research carried out as a part of the “Agricultural Ecosystems” focus area through the French Assessment of Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services (EFESE) looked at developing high-performance agriculture that was more respectful of biodiversity.

The orientation of research is informed by numerous reports and studies, particularly those prepared by the Delegation for Collective Scientific Expertise, Foresight and Advanced Studies (DEPE) and by several findings from the #AgricultureInnovation2025 report. Research now benefits from partnerships with the agricultural world through a wide range of coordinated measures suited to the various industries.

Facilities and projects supported under the French Investments for the Future (PIA) programme are resources that must be sustained, while also ensuring that research remains open to new developments and wider partnerships, for example in the case of implementing translational research.
This is also true for the AgroSyst information system that will broaden the field of study beyond crop protection, in cooperation with the RECORD modelling programme and the MEANS multicriteria assessment platform. INRA and its partners will mobilise their resources on soils in terms of information systems, biodiversity, ecotoxicology and the like.
INRA’s research and experimental infrastructures are extremely valuable for work in this priority. They have, however, been hampered by the current realities of research financing. Recognising the value of these infrastructures, it may become necessary to review their financing model.