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The French Investment for the Future Programme has given a large boost to public-private partnerships in the form of the various projects in the Biotechnology-Bioresources research programme, including “Biomass for the Future” ; two institutes focused on the energy transition—Pivert and Ifmas, the Improve institute for innovation; the industrial biotechnology catalyst Toulouse White Biotechnology; and the Carnot Institute 3BCar

Cross-institutional collaborative work spaces have been set up by the research alliances ANCRE (working group on bioenergy) and AllEnvi (working group on ecotechnology and sustainable chemistry). In addition, INRA researchers are part of research groups carrying out multidisciplinary work on synthons and bioresource-derived materials (i.e., the Symbiose research group) and on topics in wood science and synthetic biology.
The MEM metaprogramme has propelled INRA into the vanguard of microbiota research and necessary complementary research in systems biology and synthetic biology. On a parallel track, the GloFoodS metaprogramme has provided a global characterisation of the availability of bioresources originating from dedicated biomass crops and food crop byproducts. This work has opened up a broader perspective on land use. The Bio-Based Industries, EERA Bioenergy, ERASynBio, and FACCE SURPLUS consortiums have encouraged fruitful discussions at the European level.

Of the several related research priorities included in the #AgricultureInnovation2025 mission statement, three deserve particular attention: the development of regional living labs, industrial biotechnologies, and plant-based biotechnologies. The institute will take advantage of the opportunity to contribute to and head French and European research infrastructure projects; EMPHASIS and IBISBA provide good models.
The publication of the French national strategy on the bioeconomy represents a chance for INRA to establish scientific collaborations with other academic institutions, socioeconomic stakeholders, and regional governments with a view to analyzing the regional organisation and dynamics of bioeconomic systems.