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Design of bioeconomic systems

  • Exploring synergies between the environment, the economy, and the resilience of food production systems; characterising potential uses in the fields of chemistry and energy production
  • Promoting agroindustrial ecology: linking industry and agroecology at the regional scale (economies of diversification)
  • Identifying means for reducing waste and characterising their effect on all value chains
  • Closing off nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon, and potassium cycles by using environmental biorefineries for more than just methane-focused anaerobic digestion
  • Facilitating the distribution of the value added in open systems (e.g., importing biomass from outside of Europe)
  • Conducting in silico experiments to test diverse situations and region-level combinations of situations involving bioresources and production processes
  • Simulating different technological and organisational dynamics and conducting ex-post analysis of their effects on public policy (the French energy transition law, the circular economy)

We can better exploit biological compounds by identifying new plant resources and improving our use of current favourites. We must also reflect on our transformation strategies and develop novel combinations of physical, chemical, and biotechnological operations. Bioenergy, biobased materials, and chemicals are used in food and non-food systems alike; their exploitation in both cases can be tightly linked using fractionation, substitution, and cascading use. Consequently, we should stop talking about parallel industries and start talking about holistic systems. The bioeconomy takes into account potential pedoclimatic conditions, infrastructure opportunities, land management, and respect for ecosystem services. This objective is rooted in a practical necessity. If we wish to couple upstream and downstream processes and improve overall stakeholder efficiency, we must combine physical fluxes (i.e., matter and heat) into a single cycle. By doing so, we can move beyond industry-based action. Positive and negative externalities will also be studied. Physical fluxes are being examined by the CEPIA , EA , EFPA , SAD , and SAE2  divisions. The SAE2  division is also carrying out socioeconomic analyses and is thus working in tandem with the GloFoodS  metaprogramme. The focus is mainly at the regional level, and research is identifying transitions in crop systems. These transitions will make it possible to both preserve ecosystem services (objective: sustainability) and meet consumer needs (objective: high-quality and quantity production). The challenge is to determine how food and non-food systems can espouse complementarity and eschew market-based competition. Public policies will serve a key regulatory function in framing regional, industrial, and company strategies.

Keywords: BIORES-3