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ACHIEVEMENTS & OUTLOOK

Between 2010 and 2015, INRA doubled its output in climate-change publications. The AAFCC metaprogramme brings together a hundred research units. The EcoServ metaprogramme coordinates research on the services provided by agricultural ecosystems, including services related to climate change and greenhouse gas emissions. Agroecology has considerable potential in these fields and, consequently, is a priority research focus. Other metaprogrammes also deal with climate change issues: 

  • the interaction between climate change and crop and livestock health (SMaCH and GISA);
  • the interaction between climate change and food security (GloFoodS), and dietary transition (DID’IT);
  • the links between greenhouse gases and microbial ecosystems (MEM), and with animal and plant genomic selection, adaptation and mitigation (SELGEN).
  • Through its EcoServ metaprogramme, INRA is pursing work in the field of agricultural ecosystems for the French Ministry of the Environment as a part of the French Assessment of Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services (EFESE). The capacities it is building in predictive modelling can be used to explore and to illustrate various scenarios.

This research is made more visible through international (AgMIP, GRA) and EU (FACCE JPI, Climate KIC) partnerships and programmes, and INRA’s role in these has grown since 2010. It has also led to the establishment of the 4 per 1000 initiative — an international research programme on soil for food and climate security as a part of the 2015 Paris Agreement in partnership with CIRAD, IRD, CGIAR and Ohio State University — and the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases.

INRA, IRSTEA and CNRS (INSU and INEE) publications deal with fields related to physical and biotic environmental sciences. Joint strategic planning may therefore lead to more effective exploration of climate, water, soil, biodiversity and other issues.