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Adapting agriculture and forestry to climate change

  • Multiscale modelling of the impacts of climate change, its associated risks and adaptation strategies
  • Identifying capacity indicators for adaptation and vulnerability
  • Studying the resilience of production systems to climate variability
  • Plant and animal breeding, criteria and methods for dynamic management of genetic and epigenetic resources
  • Studying short-term adaptation mechanisms, medium-term transition mechanisms and long term transition mechanisms of landscapes and industries

The EA , EFPA , PHASE , and SAD  divisions are focused on the resilience of agricultural and forestry systems and its direct ties with agroecological approaches, soil and water resources, topics that are crucial when addressing adaptations to climate change. The BAP , EA , and EFPA  divisions are giving attention to the key role played by intra- and interspecific diversity in this process. Key elements include plant and animal breeding, as well as the dynamic management of genetic resources; epigenetics is often involved, a specialty of the BAP , GA , and EA  divisions. The EA , SA , and SPE  divisions as well as the SMaCH  and GISA  metaprogrammes are looking at how to best limit the effects of climate change on plant and animal health. To adapt agricultural and forestry systems to climate change, it is necessary to take into account economic and social dimensions related to risk and its perception, work that is being done by the SAD  and SAE2  divisions. The EA  division and the ACCAF  metaprogramme are also developing tools and methods for conducting multicriteria assessment of different options for adaptation. The MIA  division has created multiscale climate change models for examining impacts, risks, and adaptation strategies, underscoring the need to collect and process diverse types of data. Efforts must be multidisciplinary and incorporate several spatial and temporal scales, which is the approach being used by the ACCAF  and GloFoodS  metaprogrammes. The ACCAF , SMaCH , and GISA  metaprogrammes are also looking beyond stopgap measures and short-term solutions; they wish to develop disruptive biotechnological and organizational solutions. 

Keywords: CLIMATE-1