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Controlling agriculture and forestry’s contribution to greenhouse gases

  • Describing the links between greenhouse gas emissions and the direct and indirect changes affecting land use
  • Developing methods to assess the effects of greenhouse gases on industries and on landscapes
  • Understanding the organic processes at work in sustainable carbon storage in soil
  • Analysing the climate and energy transition processes and mechanisms involved in agriculture and forestry
  • Developing methods to monitor greenhouse gases and their effects on markets, on public policy and on insurance systems
  • Analysing the impact of mitigation efforts on production, quality and ecosystem services

To achieve this objective, the first step will be to control greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, to close biogeochemical loops, and to improve carbon storage in soils and biomass. The EA  and EFPA  divisions are contributing to this goal via their research on soil and forest management. To help livestock farmers in controlling GHG emissions, the PHASE , GA , SA , and MICA  divisions are tackling questions related to animal diet and the functioning of digestive-tract microbiota. The SAE2  division is evaluating the economics of GHG management at all scales, and the SAD  division is focusing on facilitating such transitions. The MIA  division is developing models and simulations that use research on plant-soil interactions, produced by the EA , EFPA , and BAP  divisions, and GHG emission assessments, produced by the EA , PHASE , and EFPA  divisions. The ACCAF  metaprogramme is addressing these questions indirectly, by studying what happens when adaption strategies are more or less intense. The GloFoddS  and EcoServ  metaprogrammes are making major contributions to this objective, notably by evaluating and highlighting functions and services of agricultural and forestry systems, based on methodological approaches  and in a global perspective. GISA  metaprogramme could also  work on these challenges.

Keywords: CLIMATE-2