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ACHIEVEMENTS & OUTLOOK

INRA has been steadily producing an increasing number of publications on this priority research theme. In particular, the institute has been a trailblazer in intestinal microbiota research. The metaprogrammes Did’It, MEM, GloFoodS, and EcoServ have reached a steady production rhythm and will be able to start developing certain key topics, either directly or via multidisciplinary collaborations.

The French Investments for the Future Programme has financed metabolomics, metagenomics, and bioinformatics research infrastructure as well as efforts to manage biological collections. The DuALine study was focused on the sustainability of food production systems and carried out a detailed analysis of the multiple, highly diverse perspectives that exist in the field. Almost half of INRA’s research divisions have furthered this field of study in some way, and it is expected that all divisions will become involved as the institute’s research priorities are adjusted.

French and European consortiums aiming to develop systems approaches via increased multidisciplinary efforts have greatly added to our understanding of food consumption and its impact on human health. Collaborations among France’s major research and teaching institutions is coordinated thanks to coalitions focused on this priority research theme, such as Aviesan and AllEnvi. In coming years, partnerships with such organisations as INSERM, CNRS, and ANSES will be strengthened.

Over the last five years, INRA has created or joined different research structures and contributed to novel resources (e.g., Carnot Institute Qualiment, the agrifood business plan [PIAA], various public-private organisations). New partnerships—particularly those focused on urban food production systems—will be established with regional governments. INRA will strengthen current bonds with stakeholders involved in the social economy, the production of consumer goods, environmental protection, and sustainable development.

At the European level, INRA is a part of three JPIs (HDHL, AMR, and FACCE), which means new collaborative programmes focused on this priority research theme can be developed. If INRA is selected as a participant in the Food4Future KIC, the institute will have access to a European-level forum promoting open innovation. The EJP Human Biomonitoring Initiative should lead to collaborations aimed at exploring the exposome.